OpenStack:Reference Architectures:UCS C2xx M3

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Reference Architecture Target Requirements

Highly Available access to Openstack services (Nova, Glance, Keystone, Quantum, SWIFT, Cinder)
Support for micro, small, medium, large, x-large, and xx-large instances (up to 32GB memory and 8 cores per VM)
Support for local instance persistence
Ability to support future VM migration and restart
Support for single interface, or multi-interface networks
Support for bonded phsyical network interface resilience
Support OpenStack Essex and Folsom releases against Ubuntu 12.04 LTS and Centos 6

Physical Infrastructure Model

To allow for simplified operational management, there are only two types of systems included in the model:

Compute centric systems and Storage centric systems.

Compute Model

Element Type Quantity Description
CPU Intel E5-2665 2 Mid-tier high core count CPU for a balance of power and VM scale
Memory 1600MHz 16GB dual rank DIMM 16 Supports up to 4 xx-large instances per physical system
NIC Cisco VIC 1 Provides dual port 10G interfaces for resiliency and the ability to supprt VM-FEX for hypervisor bypass (on supported Hypervisors)
Disk Controller Mega-RAID 9266i 1 Provide memory backed Raid operation across the local disks, improve performance of lower cost/denser disk options
Disk Drives 600GB 10Krpm SAS 8 Provide a large possible footprint for local VM instances with reasonable performance

Storage Model

Element Type Quantity Description
CPU Intel E5-2609 2 Lower core count CPU for a reduced computationally non-complex workload
Memory 1600MHz 8GB dual rank DIMM 4 Provides working memory for in system disk cache
NIC Cisco VIC 1 Provides dual port 10G interfaces for bonded NIC resiliency
Disk Controller Mega-RAID 9266i 1 Provide memory backed Raid operation across the local disks for non SWIFT based storage
Disk Drives 1TB 7.2Krpm SATA-6 24 Disk for SWIFT or block or NAS depending on useage model

Network Model

The upstream network is based on the Nexus 5500 series switch enabling the use of VM-FEX when supported by the operating system, Fabric path and L3 services north bound as necessitated by the rest of the network model (either VMDC or MSDC scale systems), or as a L3 termination for a dedicated private cloud. The network also can provide a Virtual Port Channel capability when combined with the default Bonded-NIC host attachment model.

Software architecture

The system software architecture is based on a highly available software architecture, with the goal to support an active management stack on every compute instance in the environment. There are two elements that may limit scale in the current software control plane that we have yet to test at scale, namely AMQP via RabbitMQ and MySQL as implemented under galera (providing write-anywhere consistency across a mysql cluster). To that end, we are intentionally limiting the control plane to the first 3 compute nodes in the environment, and therefore making 3 the smallest compute environment supported by our systems model.

The rest of the architecture follows a fairly default OpenStack system:

API level load balancing via HAproxy on the 3 control nodes, using either keepalived to pick a single active haproxy front end, or using DNSRR or other GSS toolset to select across all three instances.
Nova compute and network along with APIs on every node
Glance, Keystone, and other entities (such as Quantum and eventually Cinder) on the first three compute nodes
Swift on it's own storage instances
Swift proxy on its own compute instances with it's own set of haproxy instances frontending the requests, also either DNSRR fronted or with keepalived pointing to an active proxy front end.

Rack scale example system

Why the system can be deployed in a large number of configurations, from the simplest single compute "all-in-one" model to a multi-rack scale out environment, a more common model is as follows:

Rack Location Principal Function Element
R41 Network 5548-UP
R40 Network 5548-UP
R39 Expansion
R38 Expansion
R37 Control/Compute Compute
R36 Control/Compute Compute
R35 Control/Compute Compute
R34 Compute Compute
R33 Compute Compute
R32 Compute Compute
R31 Compute Compute
R30 Compute Compute
R29 Compute Compute
R28 Compute Compute
R27 Compute Compute
R26 Compute Compute
R25 Compute Compute
R24 Compute Compute
R23 Compute Compute
R22 Compute Compute
R21 Compute Compute
R20 Compute Compute
R19 Storage Proxy Compute
R18 Storage Proxy Compute
R17 Storage Proxy Compute
R15 Cinder - Block Storage
R13 Cinder - Block Storage
R11 Cinder - Block Storage
R9 SWIFT Storage
R7 SWIFT Storage
R5 SWIFT Storage
R3 SWIFT Storage
R1 SWIFT Storage

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