Cisco Application Control Engine (ACE) Troubleshooting Guide -- Troubleshooting Compression

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This article describes the process and CLI commands for troubleshooting compression in the ACE.

Guide Contents
Main Article
Overview of ACE Troubleshooting
Understanding the ACE Module Architecture and Traffic Flow
Preliminary ACE Troubleshooting
Troubleshooting ACE Boot Issues
Troubleshooting with ACE Logging
Troubleshooting Connectivity
Troubleshooting ACE Appliance Ethernet Ports
Troubleshooting Remote Access
Troubleshooting Access Control Lists
Troubleshooting Network Address Translation
Troubleshooting ACE Health Monitoring
Troubleshooting Layer 4 Load Balancing
Troubleshooting Layer 7 Load Balancing
Troubleshooting Redundancy
Troubleshooting SSL
Troubleshooting Compression
Troubleshooting Performance Issues
ACE Resource Limits
Managing ACE Resources
Show Counter Reference


Overview of Compression

Compression is supported on the ACE30 module running software version A4(1.x) and later and on the ACE 4700 series appliance (all software releases). You can configure compression by entering the compress command under a Layer 7 load-balancing policy. For example:

class-map type http loadbalance match-any L7default-compression- exclusion-mime-type_CLASS
  description Classmap for default SLB compression exclusion mime-types.
  2 match http url .*gif
  3 match http url .*css
  4 match http url .*js

policy-map type loadbalance first-match L7_COMP_SLB_POLICY
  class L7default-compression-exclusion-mime-type_CLASS
    serverfarm SFARM1
  class class-default
    serverfarm SFARM1
    compress default-method deflate  <--------------------------- Configured compression method

interface vlan 200
   service-policy L7_COMP_SLB_POLICY
   no shutdown

For compression to work, a client must send a request with an ACCEPT-ENCODING method of gzip or deflate. If a client sends both methods, then the ACE uses the configured method. The ACE rewrites the ACCEPT-ENCODING header to IDENTITY to indicate to the server that it should not compress the return data. By default, the ACE does not compress responses that are less than 512 bytes. You can change this minimum size threshold by using an HTTP parameter-map as follows:

parameter-map type http HTTP_PARAMMAP
  compress minimum-size 100

The ACE does not compress the server response if the response contains HTTP/1.0, HTTP responses other than 200 OK and 100 Continue, and the following:

  • cache-control: not transform
  • content-MD5

You can configure various others parameters using an HTTP parameter map (for example, mimetype and user-Agent).

Troubleshooting Compression

To display compression statistics, enter the following command:

switch/Admin# show service-policy L7_COMP_SLB_POLICY detail

Status     : ACTIVE
Description: -----------------------------------------
Interface: vlan 1 108
  service-policy: L7_COMP_SLB_POLICY
    class: vip
     VIP Address:    Protocol:  Port:         tcp        eq    80
        L7 loadbalance policy: pm
        VIP ICMP Reply       : ENABLED
        VIP state: OUTOFSERVICE
        Persistence Rebalance: ENABLED
        curr conns       : 0         , hit count        : 0
        dropped conns    : 0
        client pkt count : 0         , client byte count: 0
        server pkt count : 0         , server byte count: 0
        conn-rate-limit      : 0         , drop-count : 0
        bandwidth-rate-limit : 0         , drop-count : 0
        L7 Loadbalance policy : pm
          class/match : h
            ssl-proxy client : c
            LB action :
               primary serverfarm: sf1
                    state: DOWN
                backup serverfarm : -
            hit count        : 0
            dropped conns    : 0
            compression      : on  <------------------------------ Compression is enabled if the value is "on"
        bytes_in  : 0                          bytes_out : 0  <--- Number of bytes transmitted after compressing the server response
        Compression ratio : 0.00%  <------------------------------ Percentage of data compressed
                Gzip: 0               Deflate: 0  <--------------- Number of times the method is used
      compression errors:                                     _
        User-Agent  : 0               Accept-Encoding    : 0   | 
        Content size: 0               Content type       : 0   |
        Not HTTP 1.1: 0               HTTP response error: 0   |-- Check these error counters to see if they are increasing
        Others      : 0                                        |
        Parameter-map(s):                                     _|

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